"Of all the arts, movies are the most powerful aid to empathy, and good ones make us better people."
-- Roger Ebert, The Great Movies

Sunday, March 20, 2011


  • Title:  Carefree
  • Director:  Mark Sandrich
  • Date:  1938
  • Studio:  RKO Radio Pictures
  • Genre:  Musical, Romantic Comedy
  • Music and Lyrics:  Irving Berlin
  • Cast:  Fred Astaire, Ginger Rogers, Ralph Bellamy
  • Format:  Black & White, Standard
  • DVD Format:  R1, NTSC
"We all try to escape reality.  We all want to be something entirely different than we really are."  Dr. Tony Flagg

Carefree is one of  the less well-known Fred Astaire-Ginger Rogers musicals.  And it is somewhat unusual in that it's one of the few, if  not the only one, where Fred and Ginger are not playing professional dancers - thus the film is more like a romantic comedy (especially a screwball comedy) than a musical.  In this film , Fred is Dr. Tony Flagg, a Freudian psychiatrist and hypnotherapist.  Ginger is his patient, Amanda Cooper, brought to see Tony by his friend Steven (Ralph Bellamy) because she's afraid of  matrimony.  Also, whereas in most of  the Fred Astaire-Ginger Rogers musicals, Fred meets Ginger and falls for her.  In Carefree, it's Amanda (Rogers) who falls for Dr. Flagg (Astaire) almost as soon as she meets him.  It takes Dr. Flagg awhile to realise his true feeling for Amanda.

Also, Carefree, is a very dreamy, effects-laden film, well, for 1938, that is.  Dr. Flagg, as an expert in psycho-analysis, asks Amanda to tell him her dreams.  Told that she doesn't dream, he takes her to dinner with friends and has her eat a variety of  strange foods -- to induce dreams.  And dream she does -- but not of  Steven, instead she dreams of  Tony.  And the dance in her dream includes a slow motion sequence that's a joy to watch.

Later, at the country club, Amanda sings "The Yam", bringing Tony into the dance with her.  The dance is interesting because in the first part of  the dance -- she's actually the one leading. Though that changes to Fred leading as the dance becomes more elaborate.   As a whole, "The Yam" is elaborate partner tap dance, with ballroom moves, and swing, that's also light and humorous.  The dance also moves through several rooms of  the country club, and at the conclusion, Fred flips Ginger over his leg several times (bracing the leg against a table, flipping her over it like a gymnast's bar, dancing to the next table, bracing his leg, flipping her over it, going to the next table, etc, in a complete circle around the room).  It's impressive in the pure strength and athleticism it took to do that -- as well as Astaire's natural grace, and Ginger's balance.  Astaire often manages to look like he's floating in air.  It's amazing.

Finally, in desperation, after Amanda admits she's fallen in love with him; Tony hypnotizes her into thinking she loves Steven and that Tony's "terrible, and should be shot down like a dog".  Poor choice of  words on Tony's part.  Because, yet again, he leaves her alone -- this time having a conversation with himself in the mirror, in which he realises he's fallen for his patient.  He returns, only to discover, yet again, she's escaped while under the influence.  This time - she goes to a skeet-shooting contest and starts shooting up the place with a rifle.  Tony must figure out how to undo what he did ... when Steven, and his pal the judge, are determined to not let Tony see Amanda again.

Carefree also has the ballroom number, "Change Partners, and Dance", with Dr. Tony attempting to hypnotize Amanda during their dance, which is also quite a nice number.  (She's in a black dress, he's in full black tux with tails).

As always the dances are shot full-frame (Fred and Ginger are shown from head to toe), and the dance is filmed in a single shot, without a lot of  edits and cuts.  This method of  filming makes it easier to follow the dance, but also means the dancer's pure talent can shine through.

Eventually everything works out.  Tony gets in to see Amanda at her wedding, Steven accidentally knocks out Amanda, Tony reverses his negative post-hypnotic suggestions, and Tony and Amanda marry.  Ralph Bellamy, of course, is left alone and single as always.  Carefree is also a short film, only 82 minutes, but still very fun, light, and funny.

This film is fun, and the novelty of  Ginger chasing Fred instead of  the normal Fred chasing Ginger makes it a bit unusual.  It's a screwball comedy classic, but with singing and dancing.

List of  Musical Numbers

Since They Turned Loch Lamond into Swing - Fred (tap)
I Used to Be Color Blind - (Fred, vocals), Fred and Ginger (Ballroom dance)
The Yam - Ginger (vocals), Fred and Ginger (Partner tap)
Change Partners and Dance - Fred (Vocals)
Change Partners and Dance - Fred and Ginger (Ballroom)

Recommendation:  See it!
Rating:  4
Next film:  Casablanca

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